Treatment depends on the diagnosis. An examination will reveal if the snoring is caused by nasal allergy, infection, deformity, or tonsils and adenoids. Snoring or obstructive sleep apnea may respond to various treatments now offered by many otolaryngologist-head and neck surgeons: ? Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) is a surgery for treating obstructive sleep apnea. It tightens flabby tissues in the throat and palate, and expands air passages. ? Thermal Ablation Palatoplasty (TAP) refers to procedures and techniques that treat snoring and some of them also are used to treat various severities of obstructive sleep apnea. Different types of TAP include bipolar cautery, laser, and radio-frequency. Laser Assisted Uvula Palatoplasty (LAUP) treats snoring and mild obstructive sleep apnea by removing the obstruction in the airway. A laser is used to vaporize the uvula and a specified portion of the palate in a series of small procedures in a doctor’s office under local anesthesia. Radio-frequency ablation?some with temperature control approved by the FDA?utilizes a needle electrode to emit energy to shrink excess tissue to the upper airway including the palate and uvula (for snoring), base of the tongue (for obstructive sleep apnea), and nasal turbinates (for chronic nasal obstruction). ? Genioglossus and hyoid advancement is a surgical procedure for the treatment of sleep apnea. It prevents collapse of the lower throat and pulls the tongue muscles forward, thereby opening the obstructed airway. Self-Help for the Light Snorer Adults who suffer from mild or occasional snoring should try the following self-help remedies: ? Adopt a healthy and athletic lifestyle to develop good muscle tone and lose weight. ? Avoid tranquilizers, sleeping pills, and antihistamines before bedtime. ? Avoid alcohol for at least four hours and heavy meals or snacks for three hours before retiring. ? Establish regular sleeping patterns ? Sleep on your side rather than your back. ? Tilt the head of your bed upwards four inches. Remember, snoring means obstructed breathing, and obstruction can be serious. It’s not funny, and not hopeless.