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Toothache Causes and Treatment

Toothache Causes and Treatment


There are a lot of questions going on when we feel a toothache like When should I visit my dentist?

What does the dentist looks for when I complain of pain? What is the best treatment for teeth pain? Can I prevent a toothache?

In this article, we will review answers to these dental pain questions…

Definition:

A toothache is suffering pain in or around the tooth.

Causes of a toothache:

  • Tooth decay
  • Abscess in or around the tooth.
  • Tooth fracture
  • Damaged filling
  • Gingivitis: infection of the gum.

Symptoms of a toothache :

  • Pain in or around the tooth that could be: sharp, throbbing, or persistent.
  • In some cases, pain is felt only when the tooth is pressured upon.
  • Swelling around the tooth
  • Fever and/or a headache.
  • Foul-breath.

When is it mandatory to visit my dentist?

See your dentist as soon as possible about your toothache if:

  • Persistent pain: longer than 24 hours.
  • Severe pain.
  • If the pain is associated with fever, headache, earache, foul breath.

What does the dentist looks for when I complain of pain?

1- Medical history:

Your dentist will ask some questions such as:

  • When did the pain start?
  • Location of pain?
  • When and what makes it worse?
  • What makes it better?
  • Have you extracted a tooth before?
  • Do you properly brush your teeth? And regularly?

2- Physical examination:

A dentist will examine the mouth, teeth, molars, gums, jaws, tongue, throat, sinuses, ears, nose, and neck.

Investigations:

Your dentist may ask for some tests like X-rays and blood tests. 

What is the best treatment for pain?

There is nothing called best treatment for a toothache! Each treatment option depends on the main cause of a toothache.

For example:

  • If it is a cavity that is causing the pain, the dentist will fill this cavity or may extract the tooth.
  • If there is infection and or fever then it should be treated by antibiotics.
  • Another option is phototherapy with a cold laser in addition to another method of treatment to alleviate pain and inflammation.

Can I prevent a toothache?

The root of all evil is tooth decay! If you follow good oral hygiene, 99% of a toothache could be prevented.

What are the proper steps of good oral hygiene?

  1. Brushing regularly (twice daily) with fluorine-toothpaste.
  2. Flossing after every meal.
  3. Rinsing with mouthwash
  4. Regular dental check-ups
  5. Low sugar diet

 

 

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Gingivitis